Economic opportunities can increase women’s agency and decision-making power, yet significant gender data gaps remain. Major efforts to resolve these gaps are widespread, but we still don’t know enough about areas like unpaid work or earnings disparities.
Gender data on education is a strong indicator for gender equality and a predictor of future development outcomes for women and girls, but fewer than half of countries report data, sex-disaggregated or not, on SDG education indicators.
Recognition that women are disproportionately affected by environmental issues is a relatively recent shift. There is little sex-disaggregation or gender analysis of most environmental data, just as the environment continues to be on the periphery of gender equality work.
Health of women and girls is an area where we have relatively more gender data. Yet there are still huge data gaps, especially for vulnerable populations, including children, LGBTQIA+ individuals, and those with disabilities and in humanitarian settings.
When women feel unsafe, their choices, mobility, and opportunities are restricted, preventing them from fully participating in public life. Due to the sensitive nature of data collection on human security issues, we don’t know much about women’s and girls’ experiences.
Women’s representation and leadership at all levels of political office and within civil society is a key determinant of their broader rights and well-being in development. However, there is very little comparable, regularly produced data on women’s public participation.