• Statistics

    The collection, organization, analysis and interpretation of numerical data. For example, the average age of girls in a particular school grade based on a sample of girls attending school.

  • Data

    Factual information from which statistics are created.

  • Indicator

    The representation of statistical data for a specified time, place or any other relevant characteristic; measurement or gauge of events captured in data and includes the scale on which the event is measured (i.e., number, percentage or ratio). An indicator allows for meaningful comparisons because they can capture positive or negative change. For example, the proportion of men and women with access to a financial account is an indicator that allows for comparisons between men and women, and between the time periods in which the indicators were produced. Indicators may be drawn directly from questions in a survey or constructed by using multiple survey questions (composite indicator).

  • Index

    The compilation of individual indicators; ideal for measuring multi-dimensional concepts. For example, an index of women’s empowerment across the globe.

  • Sex-disaggregated data

    Data is that collected and tabulated separately for men and women. For example, primary school attendance rates for boys vs. girls.

  • Gender statistics

    The sum of the following: a) data collected and presented by sex as a primary and overall classification; b) data that reflect gender issues; c) data are based on concepts and definitions that adequately reflect the diversity of women and men and capture all aspects of their lives; d) data collection methods take into account stereotypes and social and cultural factors that may induce gender bias in the data. Refer to the UN Statistics Division definition for more information.

  • National statistical system

    The ensemble of statistical organizations and units within a country that jointly collect, process, analyze and disseminate official statistics on behalf of national government.

  • National statistical office

    The leading statistical agency within a national statistical system.

  • Official statistics

    Statistics produced by government agencies such as national statistical office or other public bodies. For example, census data.

  • Unofficial (or nonofficial) statistics

    Unofficial statistics are those produced by actors other than the government, such as civil society.

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